As health care becomes increasingly complex, the spatial aspects of the demand for services has often been neglected. The health care package provides detailed estimates of expected case loads by detailed conditions. For health care providers, hospitals, and insurers, this data can provide valuable insights that can help guide the efficient allocation of resources, the locations of facilities, and the staffing by specialty.
For each of the current and five-year projected years, this dataset includes the estimated number of hospital discharges and the total length of the stays to be expected in a year by diagnostic category. For each of these categories, an estimate of the number of expected cases for the year and the total length of hospital stays associated with them. These are available for block groups and higher. From these building blocks can be constructed such measures as average hospital stays for individuals or groups of categories, estimated total demand in terms of bed-nights, and so forth.
The database consists of a sample of approximately 8 million hospital stays from 1000 hospitals nationwide, approximately 20% of all hospital stays for the year. The sample is drawn from all “community” hospitals, which includes public hospitals, academic medical centers, and specialty facilities such as obstetrics-gynecology, ear-nose-throat, short-term rehabilitation, orthopedic, and pediatric institutions. Excluded are federal government run hospitals, such as VA hospitals.
This dataset includes estimates of the total number of procedures by category likely to be performed on residents of any particular area in a year. It is not a count of individual patients, as many incoming patients have multiple procedures. The database consists of data from 29 states, representing a total of 961 emergency departments. A total of 28.6 million “events” are recorded, roughly 20% of the estimated 130 million events nationwide per year. Rather than use the number of beds, the sample utilizes whether the facility is a trauma center. The results are presented at the block group level and above, again to four digits of significance. There are a total of 259 procedural categories, organized into 17 groups and a total. In addition, a tally of total trauma and multiple trauma cases is created.
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